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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 29, 2017 4:00am-4:30am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is lewis vaughanjones. our top stories: thousands call for spanish unity at a mass rally in madrid, but catalonia's sacked leader vows to resist direct rule. at least 23 people die after twin explosions and a gun battle at a hotel in somalia's capital. cricket returns to pakistan, nine years after a terror attack forced the national team to play abroad. mixed dancing, make—up, and the first marriage. a new reality for raqqa after islamic state. hello and welcome to bbc news. carles puigdemont, has made a televised address calling
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spain's government has dissolved the regional parliament and installed a new police chief after mr puigdemont declared independence. in madrid, several thousand people held a rally, waving spanish flags and calling for national unity. our correspondent james reynolds reports from barcelona. this is the first full day of direct rule from madrid. and no—one is yet sure quite what to make of it. catalan organisations have told people here to carry on as normal. right here, it is hard to tell that anything has changed one way or another. local catalan police officers still guard this, the catalan political headquarters. and separatist leaders, who have technically been sacked by madrid, are now trying to work out their next move. carles puigdemont, the catalan
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leader, featured on today's front pages, refuses to accept that he hasbeenig respecting people, symbols and opinions. many here are worried about what may come next. antonio and pilar, here queueing up for lottery tickets, just want a fresh start. "elections, elections, elections", he tells me. and, over in madrid, demonstrators have come out to support the imposition of direct rule in the catalan region. why do they want to break up spain? there is no sense. it is a problem that is not only affecting catalonia. it's affecting the whole of spain,
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it's affecting the whole of europe, and we cannot just stay and see what happens. we have to act. all sing: viva espana! tonight, catalans may wonder who exactly is running their lives. they're ruled directly by madrid, but their own deposed leader islamist militants have detonated two bombs outside a hotel in the somalian capital, mogadishu, where a security meeting was due to take place on sunday. at least 23 people are known to have died, with around 30 injured. militants then entered the hotel, shooting dead a number of people. it is unclear whether they are still inside the building. sarah corker reports. the sheer force of the first explosion left a heap of tangled metal. and, as the first ambulances arrived
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to treat the injured, sporadic gunfire was heard in the distance. a suicide car bomb was driven into the gates of a hotel popular with politicians. militants then stormed the building. there was a second explosion nearby. a minibus packed with explosives, police said. plumes of smoke billowed over mogadishu. translation: i was driving in front of a hotel. but now, i don't know where they've gone. the islamic militant group al—shabaab said they carried out the bombings. just two weeks ago, the city was hit by the worst—ever bomb attack, in which 350 people were killed. al—shabaab has been blamed for that attack although the group has not claimed responsibility.
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thousands of somalis took to the streets demanding tougher action against the insurgents. somalia has been a more or less failed state now for over 25 years, torn apart first by rival warlords and, more recently, by the islamist extremists al—sha baab. the group lost their foothold in mogadishu in 2011, but have continued their battle to overcome the somali government. allied to al-qaeda, they're believed to have between 7,000 and 9,000 fighters. in 2016, 723 people died in 395 bomb attacks in somalia. and this latest bombing came as ministers were due to meet on sunday to discuss security. sarah corker, bbc news. ahmed hirsi was in mogadishu recently to help with the constitution. his partner, ilhan 0mar, is the first somali—born muslim legislator in the us. he is back home in minneapolis, minnesota now, and joins me from there.
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thank you very much forjoining us. first of all, can ijust get thank you very much forjoining us. first of all, can i just get your reaction to this latest attack, given that it seems to be targeting police and politicians? to be honest with you, we are frustrated. we are fed up with this, this needs to stop. and this is something that you have obviously been working on. you actually happens to be in mogadishu at the last attacks. yes, i was that when the last attack happened, and 110w when the last attack happened, and now today, this is what is happening. we are here in minneapolis, and of course, the world's somalis are raising funds for the victims. but since i am on the air, this hat that you see that iam wearing the air, this hat that you see that i am wearing is the somali national the air, this hat that you see that i am weari| is is the somali national the air, this hat that you see that i am weari| is what somali national the air, this hat that you see that i am weari| is what will nali national the air, this hat that you see that i am weari| is what will get national the air, this hat that you see that i am w! this; what will get national the air, this hat that you see that i am w! this is what will get national the air, this hat that you see that i am w! this is whatvill get national the air, this hat that you see that i am w! this is what willjet national the air, this hat that you see that i am w! this is what will defeat onal of this. this is what will defeat
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al—shabaab. we can't have any other troops. we need to empower and give the resources they need for our young boys, so they can fight and defeat al—shabaab. young boys, so they can fight and defeat al-shabaab. so you are saying the response from the west and people trying to help the somali government has been wrong so far, resources going to the wrong place? well, to be honest with you, you know, the budget that they allocated for the troops, if i had a chance to talk to the somali troops, the boys on the ground, i would talk to them. and they haven't got paid for the last three months. how do you expect them to defeat al—shabaab? 0n the other hand, you have troops who are getting 1201, and they are not doing thejob. they will getting 1201, and they are not doing the job. they will never defeat al—shabaab. the job. they will never defeat al-shabaab. is it your sense, having been there, and knowing what you know, that al—sha baab been there, and knowing what you know, that al—shabaab are feeling emboldened now? of course, because
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there to fight with them? who is out there to fight with them? we training, we need intelligence, we need human intelligence. we need to give all the resources that the somali national army needs. the one thing that everyone understands is that the eu and the us, they are supporting them. they are not is protecting our people. this is day in and day out. we are sick and tired of this. let me tell you something, sir. if they want this to continue, al—shabaab will come home, right here in the us. it will go to europe, it will go to all these other places. that is why they need to help us to defeat al—shabaab. if you don't do that, this will continue. everyday we keep losing family members, innocent lives, every day. this has to end. briefly, and just very quickly there, you don't seem optimistic. 0ver and just very quickly there, you don't seem optimistic. over the last couple of years lots of people been saying al—sha baab couple of years lots of people been saying al—shabaab on the retreat. you don't see that now? no,
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al—shabaab is not on retreat. al—shabaab al—shabaab is not on retreat. al—sha baab pretty much al—shabaab is not on retreat. al—shabaab pretty much controls most of mogadishu, outside of mogadishu. they are inside. that is why we need somalis who understand the language, who understand the culture, who understand the religion, to fight. thank you very much forjoining us. thank you very much forjoining us. thank you, sir, for having me. in brazil, 11 cities are in a state of emergency and 27 are on alert because of drought. a lack of rain in recent months has impacted farmers and exacerbated fires. it has also had serious consequences on local wildlife. sophia tran—thomson has this report. this is bananal island, a large river island in the central brazilian state of tocantins. it hasn't rained in the state's capital for 20 weeks now, and without enough water, it is difficult for large reptiles to keep cool. these caimans, relatives of alligators, are searching for relief from the sun.
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but the mud is so dry that some are finding themselves stuck, and dozens have died. to help them, conservationists are pulling them from the mud and relocating them. translation: more and more, the animals need our help. without our assistance, it's difficult for them to survive in such extremes. they are transported to an area with more water, where they can cool off safely. the conservationists are also rescuing trapped and dehydrated cattle. for some of the state's farmers, the drought has been devastating. translation: i had to sell all of my livestock, so they wouldn't die. for these animals, the assistance from environmentalists is life—saving, but what they need more than anything is rain. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news: italian—american actress annabella sciorra, who starred in us tv series the sopranos, has accused disgraced producer harvey weinstein of rape. she told the new yorker that weinstein forced his way into her new york apartment
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and assaulted her in 1992. weinstein‘s spokeswoman said the producer denies claims of non—consensual sex. the cuban foreign minister has denied reports that sonic attacks were carried out against us embassy personnel in havana. he said the alleged incidents were being used to damage bilateral relations. several staff at the us embassy fell ill, reportedly as a result of mysterious attacks carried out by covert sonic devices. iceland's main centre—right party looks set to remain the largest, in a snap election called after a scandal over a paedophile toppled the coalition. despite slight losses, prime minister bjarni benediktsson‘s independence party is ahead. but, with other coalition parties losing ground, it is unclear who would get the mandate to form a government. iceland's second snap election in a year was held amid deep voter distrust, despite a thriving economy. voting in kenya's disputed
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election remains on hold, with the poll suspended in several areas because of clashes between rival groups. the opposition leader, raila 0dinga, refused to run in the contest against the sitting president, uhuru kenyatta. but attempts are being made on the ground to defuse tension. 0ur africa editor fergal keane joined a peace convoy led by two local governors touring the villages in kisumu, appealing for calm. if this country is to end its political crisis, this convoy might be an inspiration. but one message. governor paul kiprono is a kalenjin and supported the elections. "it was important we came here today with a message of peace," he says. the governor of kisumu, anyang nyong'o, is a luo
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and an opposition leader. from today, there'll be no more roadblocks, he promised. this is a significant event because so often in the past, powerful men have used ethnic rivalry to their political advantage. this is quite the opposite. the two governors are going into their respective communities together to preach a message of tolerance. these kalenjin farmers say their luo neighbours stopped the election taking place here. they refused our people to vote. they wouldn't allow you to vote? yeah, which our people don't like it. we drove past the barricade set up to prevent voting. these sugar cane fields just a few minutes from the land occupied by one group, to the land of another.
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these are luo. but it is a great deal more complex here than tribal enmity. poverty, deepened by corruption and misrule, has inflamed local divisions. the young men said they had armed in self defence. they claimed they had been attacked and had cattle stolen a few hours earlier. there were moments of tension, some shouted at the visiting kalenjin governor. in the morning, when we took our people to work out there, they started beating them and chasing them away. what is the solution? the solution is — it's good that the governor's come. so we can sit down and find a solution. the peace initiative follows election violence which took
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the life of josephine 0uko's son george. the 19—year—old was shot by police during demonstrations before polling in nearby kisumu. translation: i feel pain. ifeel pain because my baby was not sick. he died from a bullet. ifeel much pain. it is the human toll that makes today's peace move something far greater than the politics of gesture. we have de—escalated any tension that was there by almost 100%. and this is the way forward for kenya, and this is the way forward for africa. the bigger crisis remains unresolved, but across the west, it felt calmer tonight. fergal keane, bbc news, kisumu. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: levelling the playing field — brazil takes the lead on challenging sexism in sport. and said, "i would be proud of it.
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every drop of my blood will contribute to the growth of this nation". after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift—off of discovery, with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. well, enjoying the show is right — this is beautiful. a milestone in human history — born today, this girl in india is the 7 billionth person on the planet. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: catalonia's sacked leader has vowed to resist direct rule. at least 23 people have been killed in the somali capital, mogadishu, after two explosions outside a hotel and by militants who stormed then building. who stormed the building. let's go to the syrian city of raqqa which was captured by us—backed forces less than two weeks ago. it was the self—declared capital of the so—called islamic state, where atrocities were carried out against people living there. it will be some time before life for those returning can be called normal but in a first since the city's liberation, men and women have danced together in celebration at a wedding that would have been unimaginable just months ago. david campa nale reports. in a traditional manner,
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women swirl and ululate in wedding celebration in one of raqqa's western neighbourhoods. this is the first such gathering since so—called islamic state were driven from the city by a coalition of kurdish, arab, and syrian fighters. of men and women in the dabke, a traditional dance. dancers hop and sway as children run around and elders look on. almost everything in the scene would have been impossible during the three years of brutal is rule. the group banned music and dancing, imposed a strict dress code, prevented women from wearing make—up, and forcibly prohibited the mixing of men and women. the groom's family, unlike many others who fled raqqa during the fighting, has been able to return to their neighbourhood and celebrate. translation: this is the first time we've got together like this.
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women used to have to stay here and men there. there was no mixing. now that they're gone, we can mix, and we no longer have to wear the burqa. female guests, forced underjihadist rule to wear all—enveloping black, including gloves and face veils, now enjoy patterned robes and bright red lipstick. for now, raqqa is close to uninhabitable, with many buildings destroyed and large parts of the city off—limits for fear of unexploded ordnance. and many residents are still searching for missing family members. but, for the wedding guests, the celebration is a glimmer of hope for the future. david campanale, bbc news. the pakistani cricket team is preparing to host sri lanka on sunday — the first time since a militant attack nine years ago. eight people were killed when gunmen set upon the sri lankan team bus. ever since, pakistan has been forced to play their home games in the gulf, because other
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teams have been too concerned about safety. now, though, many in pakistan see the return of the sri lankan team as the return of international cricket to the country. secunder kermani reports from lahore. this empty plot of land is playing host to three simultaneous games of cricket. but the match everyone is talking about will take place a few kilometres away, when pakistan take on sri lanka at the gaddafi stadium. translation: i'm really happy the sri lankan team is coming here. for a long time, there's been no cricket in pakistan. translation: we will be supporting both teams, but particularly the sri lankans. whoever wins, it's a victory for cricket. this is what happened last time the sri lankan team came to lahore. eight people were killed, a number of players injured. following the attack,
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pakistan have held their home games in the united arab emirates. even the top domestic cricket championship is played there, all at a huge cost to the cricket board. playing our home series away from home crowds, in foreign lands like dubai, means our expenses are literally, like, 100% increased. net profits of pcb are all ploughed back into development, stadium maintenance player fees, the grounds, and so on and so forth. all of that has suffered. at the gaddafi stadium, they are preparing for sunday's match. sunday this atch. sunday this year, the final of the domestic league featuring international players was held here. a world 11 team visited, too. but cricket won't be back to normal until everyone feels comfortable visiting.
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if we have regular bilateral series, then you can honestly say that cricket has come back. but, right now, it's almost like a one—off event, you know? it's like they are starting to get teams back, so that the world gets comfortable with the idea that cricket is returning to pakistan. terrorist attacks have greatly reduced in pakistan in recent years but there will still be tight security for this game. the next step, though, is for matches to be played in other cities across the country, and then for a full international series. cricketing authorities here say they hope that will happen within the next two years. former us president barack 0bama has been called forjury duty —— the bbc‘s 100 women season comes to an end this weekend. the special programming saw 100 influential women take part in challenges to improve the lives of women around the world. the final challenge in brazil was to come up with ways to tackle sexism in sport.
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the participants spent a week coming up with innovative ways to include more girls and women in sporting activities. julia carneiro reports from rio. it's finally the big day. after a week debating how to tackle sexism in football, we've come to a school in bahia to present the solutions our experts came up with, and to try them out on the pitch. so first, let's go over here to meet some of the experts and find out what they have been up to. bea advises a former brazilian international, and i see here you have a list of five different rules you have created. what are these different rules? so it is all equal opportunities on the pitch.
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and maira liguori — she has an ngo that works with empowering women through information. so you were focusing on visibility. we created a youtube channel, so that we can gather information and create free tutorials and videos inspiring women playing football, so they can inspire the girls who want to start to play. there no such information on the internet — always about men. and we want this to be strong. maira, thank you. but, of course, the crucial thing is how everything works on the pitch. now, the match is going really well. it's very competitive, a great game. and they're all wearing t—shirts that have been especially made for today. that's part of the solutions the experts came up with, with slogans saying that the girls are proud to play as girls, and the boys are proud to play with them. the match hasjust finished. the 100 women team lost. it was 9—3 for the other team.
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the girls are a bit upset, but let's see how they feel. they played really, really well. how did you like the game? now, of course, this wasn't about winning or losing. it was really about starting a debate, trying out new methods, and hopefully inspiring women here in brazil and in other parts of the world. i you're watching bbc news. —— that's all for now. hello there.
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a change in the clock is going to bring a big change in the weather as well. now, on saturday, we had some very interesting cloud formations, helped by some very gusty westerly winds, which brought a temperature of 17 degrees in aberdeen, so relatively mild. but that is changing now, because our air is starting to come down all the way from the arctic. much colder northerly winds, especially in the north and east of the uk. colder, as well. the colder air coming in behind this very weak weather front here, which is more a band of cloud. a little rain or drizzle on it as well, still some gusty winds with that. that is keeping temperatures up across more southern parts of england and wales. but in the clear skies, as you head further north, sunday will start much colder. now, there will be more sunshine around on sunday. we'll see that cloud in the south and south—west, eventually clearing away from devon and cornwall. some good spells of sunshine throughout the day. a few showers running into northern scotland, down those north sea coasts, where the wind will be strongest. and it is here it will feel
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particularly cold, so a significant drop in temperature for the likes of newcastle and aberdeen. whereas further south and west, it won't be as windy, 1a degrees — it will be much more pleasant. however, we're going to find this area of high pressure building in across the uk overnight. so it's going to push away any remaining strong winds. we'll have largely clear skies, so it all points to a cold night. temperatures probably in rural areas close to orjust below freezing. we haven't had much frost at all this month, but monday is going to start off pretty chilly, with a frost in the countryside, at least on the grass. it won't warm up much through the day. it may turn milder through the week. because the westerly winds will return, that means more cloud. that means more rain, not very much, most of it in the north—west. this is how we start monday, bright, sunny but cold. more southern and eastern areas may well hold onto the sunshine. it may well turn a little hazy, and more cloud will come in from the north—west, where we could see a little rain in the north—west of scotland
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and northern ireland, but temperatures 9—12 degrees. now, as we move into tuesday, we start to get more influence from the atlantic, west to south—westerly winds. that means more cloud around on tuesday. it means some bits and pieces of rain, most of it across the northern half of the uk, but temperatures returning up to about 1k, perhaps 15 degrees. and, even on wednesday, we start to see those winds strengthening a little bit, more rain coming into scotland and northern ireland. but, for most of england and wales, it should be dry and rather mild. this is bbc news. the headlines: the sacked leader of catalonia has given a defiant response to its takeover by the spanish government, calling for democratic resistance. the spanish government said it would welcome the participation of carles puigdemont in new elections, but said he could still be prosecuted. there is continuing gunfire inside a hotel in somalia's capital, mogadishu, which has been attacked by the islamist group al—shabaab. at least 1a people were killed
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in two bomb blasts outside the building, with many more injured. the pakistani cricket team is preparing to host sri lanka on sunday for the first time since a militant attack nine years ago. eight people were killed when gunmen set upon the sri lankan team bus. ever since, pakistan has been forced to play their home games in the gulf. now on bbc news: firing line.
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